The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
According to published couple of days ago, the archaeological report of the British portal with metal detectors have found more antiquities than archaeologists.
In England in 2011 people with a “singing piece of iron” found 25 thousand Roman products.
In 2011 in the UK, mainly in Wales, the owners of metal detectors have found almost 25 thousand Roman artifacts (most coins). A description of some of them published project officer the Portable Antiquities Scheme Sally Warrel and archaeologist John Pearce of kings College London.
In the UK now an archaeological boom and the fashion for metal detectors. Experts are not very happy about the army of lovers who can not properly documented finding. And this is just one of a number of problems, but it’s hard to argue with the fact that the Amateurs found a surprising number of artifacts that likely would have remained lying in the ground.
One of the most extraordinary finds of recent times — gold plated brooch of silver Dolphin. She was found in the County of Essex to the North-East of London. Sally Worrell believes that the decoration produced on the continent. Continue reading
Mexican archaeologists in the pyramid of the Aztec Huitzilopochtli in the ancient city of Tenochtitlan on the territory of modern Mexico city discovered a tunnel. It leads to two closed chambers, located on the Central square of the round shape. This was reported on the Fox News website.
The tunnel has a length of 8.2 meters, 0.5 meters wide and 1.5 meters in height. The entrance to the passage was closed with a three-ton plate, which was raised in 2013. It in a hidden space scientists have discovered gold ornaments, bones of eagles and the remains of two decapitated children 5-7 years, and closed with mud and stones of the narrow passage.
According to archaeologists, they found evidence of ritual sacrifices of the ancient Aztecs, and the camera can be a place of cremation of the dead Aztec rulers. In 1325-1521 years, the Indians burned the ashes of their ancient leaders. So, in one of the reports of the Spanish conquerors is indicated for cremation, made in 1521.
Print out the entrances to the chamber, the researchers plan in 2016. For the first time these hollow spaces, located under a huge stone monolith of the Aztec God of the earth Tlaltecuhtli, archaeologists discovered in 2007 with the help of radar research. Continue reading