The ancient Parthians were placed in the graves ornaments made of talc
Iranian archaeological expedition has finished excavations of the ancient Parthian cemetery in the province Hormozgan. From the land recovered over 10 ballot boxes and a lot of jewelry from talc. The real sensation was the discovery of the skeleton of the baby.
Iranian archaeological expedition discovered in the town of primarily luxury-resort destination-and-Ibrahim the province Hormozgan burial of the era of the Parthian Kingdom. Specialists removed from the ground more than 10 urns with ashes of the ancient inhabitants of Persia. In most graves the researchers found jewelry made of talc.
Burials were excavated on the site of the ancient Parthian city which was situated just three kilometers from the coast of the Gulf of Hormuz. Previously, scientists knew about the existence in the area of the fortified settlements, but only a few years ago they were able to pinpoint the area of the cemetery in which the inhabitants of ancient Parthia buried their loved ones. Unfortunately, insufficient funding of the project did not allow the object to provide adequate protection. “Black archeologists” from among the locals literally attacked the graveyard and demolished a large number of ancient graves.
Experts have managed to unearth only 17 ancient graves. Scientists were lucky, because all of them were intact. Burial of the ancient Parthians contained urns with the ashes of the deceased and a small amount of inventory. Among the items put into the grave by people of the ancient Persia, was dominated by jewelry made from talc. The Parthians believed that things made from this stone, protect their owner from evil spirits.
Special interest scientists caused the burial of the baby. A dead child was placed inside the amphorae in its natural position. The fact that burials caused a strong reaction of the scientists. “All the burials are more or less typical for these regions of Parthia. But the vessel with the baby inside was a revelation for us,” said head of the excavation of Shiamak the Sarlacc. The inventory of the grave of the boy now carefully analyzed by archaeologists.
In the near future archaeologists plan to continue excavations of the Parthian settlement and to trace the line of the walls of the fortress, which covered the approaches to the city. Ancient Parthia
Parthian Kingdom that arose around 250 BC on the ruins of several States that was formed after the campaigns of Alexander the Great to the East. Heart power was the land South and East of the Caspian sea. The main force of the new Kingdom at first, were Iranian nomads-parsani. however, later they were joined by the militia and captured by the Parthians cities.
Two and a half centuries of the Parthian sovereigns were able to subjugate a vast territory from the Black sea in the North to the Indus in the South, from Asia Minor in the West to Northern India in the East. The basis for success lay carefully observed the balance of interests of the urban and nomadic elites of the huge state. In the conquered lands were flourishing culture of Hellenism.
However, at the end of the first century BC in the West, the Parthians came into collision with Rome. The incipient confrontation was fatal for the power. In the beginning of the second century CE, the Emperor Trajan defeated the Parthian troops, and plundered the province of Mesopotamia. Despite the fact that in the end the Iranians were still able to reject the Romans, the confrontation fatally affected the fate of the country. The balance of interests of the elite was broken, the province rebelled. As a result, one of the leaders of the mountain of Iran overthrew the last Parthian king, marking the beginning of the new Sassanid dynasty (about 250 ad).