Homo naledi: the missing link of evolution, or a new kind of man?
A new type of fossil man are found in South Africa. His bones found in one of the local caves cavers. The creature had a small brain, like chimpanzees, were small in stature and climbed trees. And still in structure of the skeleton is that it is not. Scientists gave them the name homo naledi – in honor of the name of the cave, which in the local dialect means “star”. About new branch of human evolution – the correspondent of “Vesti FM” Sergei Gololobov.
The remains, resembling human bones, found in one of the distant halls of the cave, the rising star near Johannesburg. Just on the surface raised by more than a thousand bones, including a skull fragment. This is quite an amazing creature, say anthropologists. Undoubtedly, the fragments belong to the genus homo, but very different from modern humans – small stature, small brain, like a chimpanzee. The only people who like them – the so-called hobbits, also ancient people, from the Indonesian island Flores. Hands could grab small objects, and curved tines helped in lasagna. That is, the South African early man lived mainly in trees, says associate Professor in the Department of anthropology of the biological faculty of Moscow state University.
“They are signs of very advanced , for example, by the structure of the foot,which from the modern only by the size differs, it is small. And brains, for example, is very small, as in Australopithecus. And the structure of the jaws is quite advanced. The teeth are small, with fewer than all creatures of the time Australopithecus, the first humans. Here the teeth are just very tiny, which is weird”.
All found in one cave the remains lie neatly in rows. And it can talk about what ancient South African people purposefully buried their dead, which the animals do not, and therefore already had the beginnings of mind-continues Stanislav Drobyshevsky:
“In the cave found beautiful skeletons, right in the assembled state, that is very rare. And in this cave, except for the bones of people, there’s nothing else. At all. That is usually if it’s some kind of natural burial, somewhere in the water, accidentally samilo in the cave, there will be animal skeletons, and much else, and there’s nothing there. But no guns, here are just skeletons on the floor of the cave”.
The exact age of the remains found so far is not identified, although it is fundamentally important. If these bones from two to three million years, it is possible that this new kind of “malovskogo” ancient man represents the transitional stage between Australopithecus and Homo erectus. However, if the bone later, then perhaps these creatures lived when they existed on the planet and our immediate ancestors. And that raises a lot of questions. For example, at the same time, the land was inhabited by several species of humans and what if evolution went a bit different way, we all would have looked much different, for example, would look like hobbits.