In the Novosibirsk region found in the graves of ancient nomads
Novosibirsk region in the early bronze age (II Millennium BC) was inhabited by the nomads from the territory of Kuzbass. This is evidenced by granite grave discovered by archaeologists Novosibirsk state Museum of local lore.
“During the excavations on the monument, “Birch island-1″ was found in burial boxes . made of granite slabs. Such graveyards for our area are uncommon. And here in the Kuzbass, many of them, there is a mountain region, a lot of stone”, – explained senior researcher of the Museum, candidate of historical Sciences Sergey Roslyakov.
According to the hypothesis of scientists, the ancient inhabitants of Kuzbass moved from their territories in modern Novosibirsk region under the pressure of stronger tribes from the steppe regions of Tuva and Khakassia. However, their burial traditions they retain, despite the lack of stones.
“Graves discovered in 100 km to the North of Novosibirsk, from them to the nearest place of extraction of granite about 7 km Stones are very heavy, one stove can raise five men. The nomads preferred to live with families rather than in large tribes, they have such a ritual it was very labor intensive”, said Roslyakov.
The main occupation of ancient nomads was livestock. Judging from the excavations of different years, they sterilisatie family homes and lived Patriarchal. In the winter under one roof with people housed livestock. Housing was built according to skeleton-filling technology – the pillars tie the logs and planks, and then winterized turf.
The archaeological monument “Birch island-1” on the territory of the Novosibirsk region includes several dozen graves from different eras from early bronze age (III Millennium BC) until the high middle ages (XII – XIII century ad).
Archaeological finds will be presented in the permanent exhibition of oil and gas condensate field “Siberia in ancient times”, which will open in a renovated building of the Museum in 2015.