The ancestors of Western Europeans were the inhabitants of today’s southern Russia
According to the latest study, nomads of the steppe regions of modern southern Russia, played a significant role in the formation of the population and the languages of today’s Europe.
The population of today’s Central Europe comes from peoples who migrated from East to West by two large waves: with the Middle East about 7500 years ago and the current from the steppes of southern Russia about 4,500 years ago. To such conclusion scientists from the international research group on the basis of the results of genetic testing 94 ancient Europeans, who lived from 3000 to 8000 years ago the territory of today’s Germany, Hungary, Sweden, Spain and Russia, reports the Agency dpa on Monday, 2 March.
The results of the study can be used to establish the urheimat of Indo-European languages, is spoken in the message of the research group led by David Reich of Harvard medical school in Boston, published in the journal Nature.
Scientists from the group of Reich explored the genome of prehistoric Europeans. “We have developed a new method to isolate parts of the genome that contain the most information about the history of mankind, and have only studied these parts,” quoted American uchenym the message of the German society of max Planck, which participated in the project.
Migrants from the East
Scientists assume that the first migration flow in the Central and Western Europe, inhabited in the time of hunters and gatherers, came in the person of immigrants from the Middle East. “Ancient farmers and herders in Spain, Germany and Hungary have almost identical genetic type, which allows to conclude about the commonality with the peoples of the Middle East,” emphasizes Wolfgang Haak of Adelaide University (Australia).
Contrary to common viewpoint, the study suggests that the languages came to Central Europe with this wave of migrants, and next. About 3000 years later in Europe came the second major wave of migrants from the steppe regions of modern southern Russia. We are talking about the representatives of the pit culture, reports the German news Agency dpa.
The steppe as the urheimat of Indo-European languages
The researchers also believe that ancient inhabitants of present-day Germany and other regions of Central and Western Europe share not only genetic but also linguistic kinship with the nomads. Simple answer, scientists from the group of David Reich is not given, but indicate that their results call into question the theory about the formation of the Indo-European languages in the context of the arrival in Europe of the first farmers and pastoralists from the Middle East.
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