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Telly — remains of ancient settlements

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The plains of Northern Greece is covered with hills, which is called “telly” (or, in Greek, “maguías”): this undulating strata of the remains of ancient settlements of the Neolithic period or early bronze age. If from the Bay Hair keep a track on the West, crossing the plain approximately between the modern cities of Karditsa, Trikala and Larissa, you can count hundreds of telly, from five to fifteen meters high (Fig. 2-1). They keep the secrets of people who lived in these lands for many centuries, 8500-4500 years ago. Time destroyed the mud walls of dwellings in their place built new homes and telly, layer by layer, the weight was getting higher and higher.

These man-made hills shrouded in mystery, and archaeologists are obsessed with the desire to learn their secrets. I recognize the feeling in myself: in 1973-1974, it has led me to excavations of one of rendererotica-ski of tell, near the southern extremity of Thessaly. This place is Achillion – wbii GS torode of Pharsalus was the key to understanding the chronological, architectural ceramic and religious development Aegeus

Fig. 2-1 Thessaly telly (the hills formed at the site of settlements as a result of waste accumulation).

(1)Allergics, located to the West of Larissa: more than 121 of the cultural remains of the Neolithic and renewablesbased century. (2) a Cross-section of the Sesklo tell: approximately 12 m of cultural remains, starting from the early Neolithic (rannekaledonskogo) ate the bottom layer and to classical sesklo culture at the top (approx. LXV-LV] centuries BC), located 14 km West of Volos, Thessaly (Northern Greece nye).

The chronology of the hundreds of well-preserved mounds the objects of professional excavations in this century was only about thirty. Their systematic study began in 1901 when Christos Tsountas started large-scale excavations of mound 2 Sesklo. Subsequently, the name stuck for the culture of Neolithic settlements in Thessaly and South Macedonia. With thessalian sesklo culture closely associated early Neolithic southern Greece, the Peloponnese and the Aegean Islands, which should be seen as one of its components (figure 2-2) In the time of Contesa was considered that the sesklo culture dates back to around 3000 BC Te

now, using radiocarbon Dating found that its earliest stages, already with ceramics, domesticated animals, cultivation of wheat, barley, lentils and peas, are dated to 6500 BC or slightly earlier period.

The stratigraphy of the mound Achilleion in Thessaly and Central 42 from where the radiocarbon Dating has helped to clarify the chronology of the sesklo culture. We had the opportunity to trace the gradual transition from one phase of cultural development to another, from 6500-6400 BC codavailable a settlement, and to 5600 BC

Only a few have the telly radiocarbon Dating. In particular, Sesklo in Thessaly, al-Thea in FOKIDA 3. NEA Nicomedia in the West of Greek Macedonia 4. Argissa 5 and the cave of the Peloponnese Franchthi 6 gave a range of dates (Tab. 1). Early sesklo culture corresponds to the early Neolithic (6500-6000 BC) 7. its classical period – middle Neolithic (6000-5500 BC). The highest point of its development falls on the 6000 BC

It is possible that in the first half of the VII Millennium BC, there was a substantial wouldcertainly culture: in Thessaly there is no sufficient evidence, in contrast to the Peloponnese (cave of Franchthi), Crete (Knossos) or the island kit-nose.

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