A new type of fossil man are found in South Africa. His bones found in one of the local caves cavers. The creature had a small brain, like chimpanzees, were small in stature and climbed trees. And still in structure of the skeleton is that it is not. Scientists gave them the name homo naledi – in honor of the name of the cave, which in the local dialect means “star”. About new branch of human evolution – the correspondent of “Vesti FM” Sergei Gololobov.
The remains, resembling human bones, found in one of the distant halls of the cave, the rising star near Johannesburg. Just on the surface raised by more than a thousand bones, including a skull fragment. This is quite an amazing creature, say anthropologists. Undoubtedly, the fragments belong to the genus homo, but very different from modern humans – small stature, small brain, like a chimpanzee. The only people who like them – the so-called hobbits, also ancient people, from the Indonesian island Flores. Hands could grab small objects, and curved tines helped in lasagna. That is, the South African early man lived mainly in trees, says associate Professor in the Department of anthropology of the biological faculty of Moscow state University. Continue reading
A group of archaeologists from Vanderbilt University (USA) and several Chilean universities found in the vicinity of the oldest known primitive people of the Clovis culture in South America earlier traces of the temporary camps belonging, probably, to people of other cultures. Radiocarbon Dating showed that the found artifacts are aged from 14 000 to 19 000 years, whereas the oldest known traces of representatives of the Clovis appeared not later than 14 thousand years ago. The paper was published in the journal PLoS ONE .
Scientists examined several locations in the area of the oldest known to date Parking representatives of culture Clovis Chilean Monte Verde. Archaeologists have found stone tools 39 and 12 small camp-fires, around which were scattered animal bones with traces of processing (they were broken and fragmented) and fire, as well as nut shells and remains of other edible plants. This bone belonged as rather large animals — ancient llamas, mastodons, and small prehistoric horses and deer. However, neither they nor drugite could be in Monte Verde at the time because of the rather cold climate and lack of vegetation, hence, their killed and skinned in a different place, and only then delivered to the Parking lot. Continue reading
Varakhsha is located at a distance of 40 kilometers to the West from Bukhara (an area of 100 ha.; cultural layers – about 10 meters; the period of blossom – 7 – 8 century of our era; the time of the destruction of the 11th century).
Varakhsha is part of the ancient settlement on the territory of which was the residence of Bukhara-khudats . who reigned in Bukhara until the Arab conquest. Among many other causes of decline, and then collapse Varakhsha often called the lack of water in the irrigation systems field.
The historical significance of Varakhsha
Being an important political and religious object, well-fortified Varakhsha was an important military Outpost on the Western border of the oasis. In addition, the settlement Varakhsha was an important trading center . located on the road between Bukhara and Khoresm . facilitating contacts between nomads and settled population. The settlement was also the most important centre of crafts . This fact is confirmed by the fact that during the excavations were found the remains of the craftsmen quarters in the vicinity of Varakhsha. In addition, there was developed and agriculture . The settlement Varakhsha was the center of a large agricultural area . “irrigated by the twelve canals”. Continue reading