Archaeologists and black diggers should find a common language, to combine efforts and work together to preserve historic values in Russia.
If you think that a COP ( the treasure hunting ) is a peaceful, safe and profitable occupation, I hasten to disappoint you – it is not. A man with a metal detector attracts the negative attention of the police and the local population. First, because the diggers are on the bird’s rights. Rather in the law they have no rights at all. If, God forbid, you accidentally got on a historical object (barrow, an ancient settlement, the castle, the ancient man), it is better to pack up and move away. And in time to inform the archaeologists that were walking and stumbled upon a valuable and unique things.
Most often, the diggers, the archaeologists are treated with hatred. They can understand, in fact, they care for the preservation of archaeological sites and artifacts. But there are online allegations that archaeologists themselves are looting and selling the historical value of ancient settlements and burial mounds. Moreover, many treasure hunters are former or current archaeologists. Continue reading
The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
Studying places of worship and rock artifacts throughout the Absheron Peninsula together with Abbas Islamov, we came to the conclusion that almost all religious buildings of Absheron built on the iconic places that people worshiped for a few millennia. First, we have investigated preserved in Absheron and Gobustan with the bronze age ancient burial mounds, crypts, tombs carved into the rocks. Around these graves on the cliffs there are various kinds of hollows and Cup marks. Most likely these holes are of a ritual character, and the same species occur all over the Absheron Peninsula at a considerable distance from each other. Then were examined preserved places of worship (feasts), religious buildings (mosques, mausoleums) and the medieval cemetery. On the rocks, next to almost all of these places also have found ancient hollows and Cup marks. This suggests that certain places on the Absheron Peninsula was considered particularly revered. These are typically open hills with rocky soil. Here in the stone graves, as it could be carved in the rock tomb or stone blocks lined with tombs, burial mounds, the bronze age people were buried. Such burials are not massive and most likely belonged to the most revered members of society. The graves come to worship and bring offerings, which were left in speciallyformulated on the rocks around the graves. These places people have visited for centuries. Continue reading