In the Egyptian desert valley of Wadi al-Khitaan, about 150 km southwest of Cairo, founded the first Museum of Middle East, dedicated to the ancient fossils. Here you can visually explore the structure of ancient whale, extinct many thousands of years ago. The Fossil Museum was built by a grant from Italy of 2 billion euros. The main exhibit of the Museum — the skeleton of a whale with a length of 20 m and an age of 37 million years. The exhibit shows how modern whales evolved from land mammals. In the Legendary Valley of the Whales were found many prehistoric tools used by early people, as well as various remains of whales, confirming the evolutionary transition of whales from early amphibians to aquatic creatures.
But as the fossils of whales occurred in the middle of the hottest desert? This valley was submerged under water about 40 — 50 million years ago. She was covered with the waters of the Tethys sea, reaching the southern parts of the Mediterranean current. Wadi al-Khitaan. or Valley of the Whales contains valuable collection of fossils of ancient whales, archaeoceti. These fossils explain one of the greatest mysteries of the development of whales: transformation of a whale in an ocean mammal from a previous life as a land animal. Continue reading
Mexican archaeologists in the pyramid of the Aztec Huitzilopochtli in the ancient city of Tenochtitlan on the territory of modern Mexico city discovered a tunnel. It leads to two closed chambers, located on the Central square of the round shape. This was reported on the Fox News website.
The tunnel has a length of 8.2 meters, 0.5 meters wide and 1.5 meters in height. The entrance to the passage was closed with a three-ton plate, which was raised in 2013. It in a hidden space scientists have discovered gold ornaments, bones of eagles and the remains of two decapitated children 5-7 years, and closed with mud and stones of the narrow passage.
According to archaeologists, they found evidence of ritual sacrifices of the ancient Aztecs, and the camera can be a place of cremation of the dead Aztec rulers. In 1325-1521 years, the Indians burned the ashes of their ancient leaders. So, in one of the reports of the Spanish conquerors is indicated for cremation, made in 1521.
Print out the entrances to the chamber, the researchers plan in 2016. For the first time these hollow spaces, located under a huge stone monolith of the Aztec God of the earth Tlaltecuhtli, archaeologists discovered in 2007 with the help of radar research. Continue reading
An international group of scientists described a new species, Machimosaurus rex . from the family of teleosaurus, fossil marine crocodiles of the Jurassic period. The paper was published in Cretaceous Research . Briefly about it it is spoken in the press release of the University of Alberta.
In 2014 a group of scientists discovered in the South of Tunis the well-preserved remains of a giant prehistoric reptile that lived 130 million years ago. The fossils were discovered near the town of Tataouine.
The researchers found almost completely preserved skull of reptiles, a few teeth, dorsal vertebrae, ribs, fragments of gastralia, the humerus. In addition, in the excavations, perhaps, are the fossils of four other adults Machimosaurus rex .
The length of the preserved part of the skull of the reptile was 134 cm. Scientists reconstructed the skull on the basis of known data about other members of the genus Machimosaurus and estimated the total length of the skull as rex M. 155 — 160 cm. The length of the skull, you can judge the size of the entire specimen. According to scientists, the length of the reptile was about ten meters, it was the largest representative of crocodylomorphs that time and the largest known representative of the suborder saltwater crocodiles thalattosuchia. Continue reading