Excavations at Albazin prison is completed archaeological field season – Wednesday, August 11, all major work will be curtailed. Scientists summarize first scientific results. The main discoveries of this year was the discovery of nineteen single burials in coffins and, presumably, new skudelny – mass graves of the defenders of the Albazin prison of the seventeenth century.
19 single burials in coffins, most likely, relate to the beginning of the siege of the Fort, when its defenders still had enough strength to dig individual graves and the house they put together for each of the deceased. Some of these burials was demolished, and the bones of the dead extracted for further study, the other part is preserved to continue in the new season. Several coffins cleared and left untouched for demonstration to participants of the solemn ceremony of reburial of the remains of defenders albazina, which will be held in early September. Continue reading
In the Egyptian desert valley of Wadi al-Khitaan, about 150 km southwest of Cairo, founded the first Museum of Middle East, dedicated to the ancient fossils. Here you can visually explore the structure of ancient whale, extinct many thousands of years ago. The Fossil Museum was built by a grant from Italy of 2 billion euros. The main exhibit of the Museum — the skeleton of a whale with a length of 20 m and an age of 37 million years. The exhibit shows how modern whales evolved from land mammals. In the Legendary Valley of the Whales were found many prehistoric tools used by early people, as well as various remains of whales, confirming the evolutionary transition of whales from early amphibians to aquatic creatures.
But as the fossils of whales occurred in the middle of the hottest desert? This valley was submerged under water about 40 — 50 million years ago. She was covered with the waters of the Tethys sea, reaching the southern parts of the Mediterranean current. Wadi al-Khitaan. or Valley of the Whales contains valuable collection of fossils of ancient whales, archaeoceti. These fossils explain one of the greatest mysteries of the development of whales: transformation of a whale in an ocean mammal from a previous life as a land animal. Continue reading
Novosibirsk region in the early bronze age (II Millennium BC) was inhabited by the nomads from the territory of Kuzbass. This is evidenced by granite grave discovered by archaeologists Novosibirsk state Museum of local lore.
“During the excavations on the monument, “Birch island-1″ was found in burial boxes . made of granite slabs. Such graveyards for our area are uncommon. And here in the Kuzbass, many of them, there is a mountain region, a lot of stone”, – explained senior researcher of the Museum, candidate of historical Sciences Sergey Roslyakov.
According to the hypothesis of scientists, the ancient inhabitants of Kuzbass moved from their territories in modern Novosibirsk region under the pressure of stronger tribes from the steppe regions of Tuva and Khakassia. However, their burial traditions they retain, despite the lack of stones.
“Graves discovered in 100 km to the North of Novosibirsk, from them to the nearest place of extraction of granite about 7 km Stones are very heavy, one stove can raise five men. The nomads preferred to live with families rather than in large tribes, they have such a ritual it was very labor intensive”, said Roslyakov. Continue reading