The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
Archaeologists of Russia and Kyrgyzstan began to study the ancient capital of the Principality of the Kyrgyz
Bishkek, July 2 /Kabar/. Scientists from Russia and Kyrgyzstan started joint archaeological excavations on the southern shore of lake Issyk-Kul. Archaeologists expect to find evidence of the existence near the village Tuura-Suu Kyrgyz of the ancient capital of the Principality. This is with reference to the supervisor of the archaeological complex “Parking Omsk”, Professor Boris Konikov reports the press center of MD media.
“Centre of excellence for the study of Central Asia historically was in Siberia. Almost a century ago priority rights in the exploration of Kyrgyzstan, holds unique evidence about the past of many of the Turkic peoples belonged to the West Siberian branch of the Imperial geographical society, based in Omsk”, – said B. Conic.
The study of Kyrgyzstan resumed three years ago under long-term Agreements on cooperation concluded on 24 August 2012 inter-state development Corporation and the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Continue reading
Varakhsha is located at a distance of 40 kilometers to the West from Bukhara (an area of 100 ha.; cultural layers – about 10 meters; the period of blossom – 7 – 8 century of our era; the time of the destruction of the 11th century).
Varakhsha is part of the ancient settlement on the territory of which was the residence of Bukhara-khudats . who reigned in Bukhara until the Arab conquest. Among many other causes of decline, and then collapse Varakhsha often called the lack of water in the irrigation systems field.
The historical significance of Varakhsha
Being an important political and religious object, well-fortified Varakhsha was an important military Outpost on the Western border of the oasis. In addition, the settlement Varakhsha was an important trading center . located on the road between Bukhara and Khoresm . facilitating contacts between nomads and settled population. The settlement was also the most important centre of crafts . This fact is confirmed by the fact that during the excavations were found the remains of the craftsmen quarters in the vicinity of Varakhsha. In addition, there was developed and agriculture . The settlement Varakhsha was the center of a large agricultural area . “irrigated by the twelve canals”. Continue reading