The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
For centuries of research, archaeologists are increasingly confronted with inexplicable and mysterious finds, hidden below the surface. What secrets the earth hides our past?
Archaeologists find huge skeletons. Uranus, which was already used by someone, possibly the remains of dead cities from a nuclear explosion. But the scientists all this carefully conceal, as it is inconsistent with the General canons. And such discoveries are called forbidden archeology. Today a new article.
One of the most mysterious discoveries rightly belong to the stone found by an expedition group “Kosmopoisk”. In its thickness is well seen subject, almost 1 cm. long Detailed chemical analysis and x-ray images confirmed that the object is a metal bolt wrapped around it with a nut. It would seem, nothing unusual, only the age of the “bolt” is about 300 million years, and its structure was almost half-petrified. Skeptics immediately said that this discovery is a prehistoric animal, Crean idea, but at three universities specialists-crypto zoologists confirmed that crinoidea such a shape and size just did not exist. Continue reading
Novosibirsk region in the early bronze age (II Millennium BC) was inhabited by the nomads from the territory of Kuzbass. This is evidenced by granite grave discovered by archaeologists Novosibirsk state Museum of local lore.
“During the excavations on the monument, “Birch island-1″ was found in burial boxes . made of granite slabs. Such graveyards for our area are uncommon. And here in the Kuzbass, many of them, there is a mountain region, a lot of stone”, – explained senior researcher of the Museum, candidate of historical Sciences Sergey Roslyakov.
According to the hypothesis of scientists, the ancient inhabitants of Kuzbass moved from their territories in modern Novosibirsk region under the pressure of stronger tribes from the steppe regions of Tuva and Khakassia. However, their burial traditions they retain, despite the lack of stones.
“Graves discovered in 100 km to the North of Novosibirsk, from them to the nearest place of extraction of granite about 7 km Stones are very heavy, one stove can raise five men. The nomads preferred to live with families rather than in large tribes, they have such a ritual it was very labor intensive”, said Roslyakov. Continue reading