In the Egyptian desert valley of Wadi al-Khitaan, about 150 km southwest of Cairo, founded the first Museum of Middle East, dedicated to the ancient fossils. Here you can visually explore the structure of ancient whale, extinct many thousands of years ago. The Fossil Museum was built by a grant from Italy of 2 billion euros. The main exhibit of the Museum — the skeleton of a whale with a length of 20 m and an age of 37 million years. The exhibit shows how modern whales evolved from land mammals. In the Legendary Valley of the Whales were found many prehistoric tools used by early people, as well as various remains of whales, confirming the evolutionary transition of whales from early amphibians to aquatic creatures.
But as the fossils of whales occurred in the middle of the hottest desert? This valley was submerged under water about 40 — 50 million years ago. She was covered with the waters of the Tethys sea, reaching the southern parts of the Mediterranean current. Wadi al-Khitaan. or Valley of the Whales contains valuable collection of fossils of ancient whales, archaeoceti. These fossils explain one of the greatest mysteries of the development of whales: transformation of a whale in an ocean mammal from a previous life as a land animal. Continue reading
Those who want to know the origins of the Spanish city of Alicante should also visit one of the sights of Alicante – Lucentum (Lucentum). This archaeological site of an ancient Roman. This place is located on the top of the hill El de Tossal at a height of 38 meters and 3.5 km from the centre of Alicante. The ancient city covers a huge area, component 7. But the excavations produced only on the territory of 2.5 hectares.
In this place approximately in 215 BC, there was a city of ACRA Leuca. And the artifacts that are here today, show that the architecture in those years was exposed to Carthaginian influence. Having existed before the 2nd century BC this city as a result of one of the Punic wars was captured by the Romans led by Publius Cornelia stsipionom. They rebuilt it and named Lucentum, which means in translation “the city of bright lights”. At the turn of the eras, the city reached the peak of its prosperity. But in 2-3 century ad it was abandoned because it could not compete with the nearby city of Ilici, referred to today as Elche. And then it was used as a cemetery for Muslims (5-6 century ad). Continue reading
In Smolensk during excavations on the territory of the district Rachivka archeologists discovered unique artifacts of an ancient culture. Now experts believe that in the middle ages the city was much larger than previously thought. In General, the history of Smolensk is full of mysteries. For example, nobody knows by whom and when the town was founded. These facts contained in the chronicle, destroyed in the middle Ages. So sensational findings help to restore the gaps in history and to understand how bright was the life of the ancient settlement.
The researchers found a waste pit production jewellery workshop the beginning of the XI century, with baptismal crosses, temporal rings and tools. Discoveries followed one after the other. Once it was a manufacturing defect, now this is a unique artifacts that will help to understand how production was organized.
Crucibles are vessels, into which melted bronze. After that, the liquid metal poured into the mold, previously cut by jewelers. The specialists of the Hermitage and explored the wire used by Smolensk masters. It turned out that the metal is jewelers, you are most likely imported. Continue reading