In the Egyptian desert valley of Wadi al-Khitaan, about 150 km southwest of Cairo, founded the first Museum of Middle East, dedicated to the ancient fossils. Here you can visually explore the structure of ancient whale, extinct many thousands of years ago. The Fossil Museum was built by a grant from Italy of 2 billion euros. The main exhibit of the Museum — the skeleton of a whale with a length of 20 m and an age of 37 million years. The exhibit shows how modern whales evolved from land mammals. In the Legendary Valley of the Whales were found many prehistoric tools used by early people, as well as various remains of whales, confirming the evolutionary transition of whales from early amphibians to aquatic creatures.
But as the fossils of whales occurred in the middle of the hottest desert? This valley was submerged under water about 40 — 50 million years ago. She was covered with the waters of the Tethys sea, reaching the southern parts of the Mediterranean current. Wadi al-Khitaan. or Valley of the Whales contains valuable collection of fossils of ancient whales, archaeoceti. These fossils explain one of the greatest mysteries of the development of whales: transformation of a whale in an ocean mammal from a previous life as a land animal. Continue reading
A new type of fossil man are found in South Africa. His bones found in one of the local caves cavers. The creature had a small brain, like chimpanzees, were small in stature and climbed trees. And still in structure of the skeleton is that it is not. Scientists gave them the name homo naledi – in honor of the name of the cave, which in the local dialect means “star”. About new branch of human evolution – the correspondent of “Vesti FM” Sergei Gololobov.
The remains, resembling human bones, found in one of the distant halls of the cave, the rising star near Johannesburg. Just on the surface raised by more than a thousand bones, including a skull fragment. This is quite an amazing creature, say anthropologists. Undoubtedly, the fragments belong to the genus homo, but very different from modern humans – small stature, small brain, like a chimpanzee. The only people who like them – the so-called hobbits, also ancient people, from the Indonesian island Flores. Hands could grab small objects, and curved tines helped in lasagna. That is, the South African early man lived mainly in trees, says associate Professor in the Department of anthropology of the biological faculty of Moscow state University. Continue reading
Scientists in Spain have found the remains of an exotic relative of giraffes, who had three horns, similar in shape to the hairdo Queen Amidala from “Star Wars” George Lucas, its sable-like “fangs” and a number of other unusual traits, according to a paper published in the journal PLoS One.
Saber-toothed giraffe found in Spain “the Opening of this creature allowed us to clarify the history of the evolution of the large and almost completely extinct groups of horned ruminants, the only surviving members of which today are giraffes and okapis are relatives. It revealed the amazing diversity of these creatures that lived on the territory of Eurasia and Africa,” said Israel Sanchez (Israel Sanchez) from the National Museum of natural history in Madrid (Spain).
Sanchez and his colleagues made this discovery, trying to classify and identify generic groups and membership of several bizarre mammals, whose remains were found by the authors in the vicinity of the town of Loranca del Campo in the rocks, which were formed in the late Miocene, about 11-5 million years ago. Continue reading