The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
Physics will help to determine the exact age of the finds from the excavations of the ancient city of Phanagoria
On the Taman Peninsula began a new season Phanagorian expedition
The exact age of artifacts found at the site of the ancient city of Phanagoria in the Krasnodar region, will help determine the scientists of the national research centre “Kurchatov Institute”. In the joint work of physicists and archaeologists will be used only in Russia resonant circular particle accelerator – a synchrotron, told TASS the head of the Phanagorian archeological complex expedition Vladimir Kuznetsov.
“The representatives of the Kurchatov Institute will participate in the work of the expedition – it is possible that on the site. Using different physical hardware, for example, Russia’s only synchrotron, it is possible to determine the age and composition of the artifacts, structure of matter, the origin of the material from which are made coins, utensils or weapons,” he said.
According to Kuznetsov, similar studies of archaeological finds outsales a few institutions in the world. “In this regard Phanagorian expedition, Russia’s only multidisciplinary, it becomes even more advanced,” – said the Agency interlocutor. Continue reading
Today we have a little specific theme, dedicated to the reconstruction of life of ancient man. Here we will try to review the highlights, tell you about interesting research and directions.
Unfortunately, life and the life of ancient people in greater complexity scientists are forced to learn to explore the burial. Here the ritual objects in the tomb, we can conclude that when man learned to work metals, stone, jewelry-making, what were the objects of labor and weapons. The remains of ancient man are rare, they are studied by the anthropologists. They study the human skeleton, structure of bone and teeth.
By studying the bones of ancient man, to learn did he hunger, and if so when and for how long.
Through the study of the chemical composition of bone tissue scientists determine what ancient people ate: meat or plants. Continue reading