The archaeological excavations carried out for the purposes of historical research excavation of archaeological sites . mainly the ancient graves or the remains of ancient settlements.
In the USSR the organization of A. G. perform special archaeological institutions (research institutes, archaeological departments of universities, museums, etc.). A. G. should only be performed by specialists-archaeologists on the basis of an “Open” document to the right of excavation issued by the Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) and the USSR Academy of Sciences(Academy of Sciences) Soviet republics. Archaeological science has developed a set of scientific techniques In A. G. A. G. settlement excavations produced a large enough area (to accommodate the facilities, meet), by layer (within layers — layers of a certain thickness), square (for ease of fixing) all the way down to the bottom of the cultural layer. Mandatory clear documentation of the excavation (written, graphic, Photographic). When A. G. studied cultural layer (and in burials — burial mound and the fill of the burial pit), structures, finds and bones of men and animals, remains of plants, grain and the like. Continue reading
The territory of Adygea was once the bottom of an ancient sea-lake the Paratethys which existed on the earth 25 million years ago.
According to the Professor of the Adyghe state University Igor Wolfhound . The paratethys seized the Black, Azov and Caspian seas, the area from Paris to Altai.
Millions of years ago undoubtedly was dominated by a subtropical climate. Therefore, scientists have no doubt: Lagonaki plateau in the past is a piece of barrier reef. This is evident in the fossilized remains of marine animals: ancient dolphins, sea turtles and whales found in the region of the plateau.
Increasingly in lowland areas of Ciscaucasia scientists discover remnants of burial of mammoths, bones of blue whales. Archaeologists in Adygea, prompted by a local fisherman discovered and described several burials of bones of mammoth: Tusk with a diameter of 24 cm, thigh and backbone of a major 50-year-old male mammoth.
“The question arises: how the blue whales and mammoths trapped in the Caucasus mountains? One hypothesis: a whale could be abandoned giant tsunami waves in the Wake of a major disaster described in the Bible as the flood. Continue reading
Archaeologists from Novosibirsk came to the conclusion that the settlements of primitive people in Siberia were more than a million years ago. The remains of the first Siberians were discovered in the Altai region, namely in Soloneshensky district. On the territory of the excavations now run large groups of tourists. This causes resentment archaeologists, the reason is not respect for the monuments of archeology and culture of the tourists.
More than a million years ago on the Siberian expanses lived the ancestors of modern man. This sensational statement was made by archaeologists in the result of the long archaeological excavations on ancient site Karama in Altai. There is also the suggestion that those ancient people were similar to Africans. This is not surprising, because the resettlement of people on a planet has occurred is from Africa. At that time, the development of new land was in full swing and settlers, reached the South of Siberia, decided to stay here. In those times the climate in these parts was much softer and came to his contemporaries. Continue reading